Iraq I UNHCR / WFP Joint Food Assistance Note 2022 – Iraq

Iraq I UNHCR / WFP Joint Food Assistance Note 2022 – Iraq

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BACKGROUND

The Iraqi Kurdistan Region (KR-I) currently hosts 96% of Syrian refugees in Iraq. In response to the large influx of refugees following the Syrian crisis, the Kurdistan regional government has set up nine refugee camps to support the most vulnerable, who cannot afford rent and utilities. Overall, 37% still live in these extended refugee camps, while 63% share public services with host and other displaced communities and cover their own costs. WFP provides food assistance to 75 percent of refugees in the camp, while UNHCR provides cash assistance for basic needs and winter care for 37 percent of the non-camp population, based on the Vulnerability Assessment Instrument (VAT) developed in 2019 and a vulnerability forecast. model.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC VULNERABILITIES THROUGH SYRIAN REFUGEES

The 2021 Multisectoral Needs Assessment (MSNA) of a representative sample of KR-I national and out-of-camp refugees and host communities confirmed that economic vulnerability is the main cause of harmful and most sectoral adaptation mechanisms. . the needs of Iraqi refugees. This is primarily due to the lack of revenue-generating opportunities due to the negative impact of COVID-19 on Iraq’s already unfavorable economic environment. The devaluation of the Iraqi dinar in 2021 further deteriorated the purchasing power of Iraqis and refugees alike due to rising market prices, while earnings remained the same. The data showed a higher dependence of temporary work refugees (93 percent) compared to the host communities (50 percent). Given that temporary work pays less and is less secure than regular employment, this disparity explains why refugees are more dependent on debt and lower household incomes compared to host communities. Camp refugees have less or less paid living opportunities than out-of-camp refugees, as reflected in the lower average income from labor sources reported by out-of-camp refugees (IQD 258.49) compared to out-of-camp refugees. (IQD). 436,271).

FOOD INSECURITY THROUGH SYRIAN REFUGEES

NASM in 2021 has highlighted a deterioration in food security among refugees.
Only 14 percent of the refugees in the camp and 43 percent of the refugees outside the camp scored as “Food Security” in 2021, compared to 36 percent and 74 percent in 2020, respectively, with food insecurity. Based on WFP’s CARI method, the refugee food security index score of the camp indicates lower food security than the non-camp refugees. Refugees in the camp showed higher food expenditures compared to total household expenditure (food quota) and a lower score on food consumption than refugees outside the camp. An increase in the use of harmful copying strategies for food procurement, such as buying food on credit, reducing spending on basic necessities, selling assets, child labor, and dropping out of school, has been identified among both groups. great among those in the camp. refugees.
Increased food insecurity among refugee camps is consistent with previous assessments by WFP and UNHCR, including the 2018 Joint Vulnerability Assessment, where higher socio-economic vulnerabilities such as lower income opportunities and job skills Illiteracy and the large size of households have been identified as key factors in food insecurity among refugee camps.

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